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CTPDC's working papers are published under ISSN 1747-4973. If you quote or use the thoughts or findings from these working papers, please reference them appropriately.

CTPDC Working Paper No. 1 (June 2005)

Shirley Dinwoodie: Bereavement and the effectiveness of counselling. Research has shown that bereavement is the biggest cause of stress, on the Holmes and Rahe Social Readjustment scale the death of a spouse is the highest stress factor scoring 100 points, whilst the death of a close family member rates 60 points as does divorce. Although bereavement means many types of loss such as divorce, health, finances, employment, loss of limbs, loss of organs, loss of senses, in this paper only death-bereavement will be discussed. The strong emotions can be overwhelming and even seem life-threatening and truly unbearable. In this paper it will be argued that counselling is beneficial to the bereaved person.

CTPDC Working Paper No. 2 (July 2005)

Mary Sloman: Factors affecting perceptions of counselling by clients with African and Caribbean origins. The counselling profession has considerable skills for reducing the social and emotional barriers experienced in a culturally and ethnically diverse society. It is important to acknowledge the social and political factors that affect ethnic minority groups, which prevent them from attaining equality of access to counselling services. On the basis of an empirical research, the paper will argue that counsellors need to challenge their inherent assumptions and develop the culturally responsive skills and organisations need to increase the level of cultural sensitivity in service delivery and provision.

CTPDC Working Paper No. 3 (August 2005)

Counselling and care in the community. The paper discusses how 'care in the community' and its administrative structure contributes to the confusion, distorted image of carers' and care receivers' role, the existence of an interlocking dependency, that neither chose, often creates misery, resentment. On the basis of empirical evidence the paper argues that counselling, at least in this context, should not be 'another support' provided by the welfare state or charitable organisations to the carer and care receiver, but effective means by which they can explore their interdependency and become aware of its effect on them as individuals, hence at least psychologically could become independent of the helping organisations.

CTPDC Working Paper No. 4 (September 2005)

Susan Marie O'Looney: Contexts of Counselling in Prison Setting: the case of young male prisoners affected by substance misuse. In an institutional setting the counselling process is influenced not only by the relationship between the counsellor and client, but also by the objectives of the institution, its regimes and the intricate interpersonal links among the personnel. In addition, the client in this setting is not simply X.Y. with a particular personality and problems, but also a member of the organisation with clear roles and tasks. These contexts influence every aspect of the counselling process as well as its effectiveness and efficiency, while the counsellor and the client has little or no control on these influences. This paper attempts to illustrate these influences on the example of the effectiveness of counselling to young male adult prisoners who misuse substances.

CTPDC Working Paper No. 5 (October 2005)

Joan McArdle: Grief, Complicated Grief and Counselling. With the increase in life expectancy more deaths occur in old age and it has become acceptable that if somebody has had 'a good innings' then it is 'their time'. However if this pattern is not followed of there being an order in which death is acceptable, that is when we seem to have difficulties with coming to terms with death. Using Worden's 'tasks of mourning' the paper, on the basis of empirical evidence, contrasts mourning that can be considered normal and mourning that is termed 'complicated grief' and investigates the role of counselling in helping the bereaved.

CTPDC Working Paper No. 6 (November 2005)

Simon Crabtree: Is there a need of mandatory one-to-one personal counselling in counselling training. An article in 2004 in the Counselling and Psychotherapy Journal by Muller (2004) discussed the implication of the decision by the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy to remove personal counselling as a requirement for accreditation. This paper investigates the theoretical foundations of the claims for and against the requirement and presents the findings of an empirical work among trainee counsellors on this issue.

CTPDC Working Paper No. 7 (December 2005)

Heather V. Lovelady: The role of silence in the counselling relationship. The relationship between counsellor and client involves a great deal of talking, using words to explore meanings. All aspects of a conversation are included, such as speaking, listening and body language. A conversation without pauses rarely takes place. However, when pauses become longer, they become silences. As silence is part of the interaction between the counsellor and the client, it is likely that its use affects the development of the therapeutic relationship with a resulting influence on the success or otherwise of the overall process. Thus, the question emerges: what role does silence play in enabling the client to benefit from the counselling process?

Working papers